Ghazi ILm Deen Shaheed (4 December 1908 – 31 October 1929) was an Indian Muslim carpenter who assassinated a book publisher named Mahashe Rajpal for publishing the book Rangila Rasul, which was perceived as derogatory towards the Islamic prophet, Muhammad, by the Muslim community.
Ghazi alam din shaheed Background
In 1923, Mahashe Rajpal published an anonymous pamphlet titled Rangila Rasul, which contained a reexamination of hadiths from Bukhari, among other sources, along with an allegedly salacious commentary. Rangila Rasul had a surface appearance of a lyrical and laudatory work on Muhammad and his teachings .Called Muhammad “a widely experienced” person who was best symbolized by his many wives. In contrast with the Brahmacarya of Hindu saints. Various sections of the Indian Muslim community started a movement demanding that the book be banned. In 1927, the administration of the British Raj enacted a law prohibiting insults aimed at founders and leaders of religious communities.
Ghazi ilam deen shaheed Murder
Ilm Deen decided to kill the publisher. On April 6, 1929, he set out for the bazaar and purchased a dagger for one rupee. He hid the dagger in his pants and waited for Rajpal at some distance from Rajpal’s shop. Rajpal had not arrived yet. Ilm Deen did not know what Rajpal looked like. He tried to find out where Rajpal was through people that were around. Rajpal entered the shop and Ilm Deen did not notice him but soon someone alerted him that Rajpal was inside. The young man entered the shop, lunged forward and attacked him. He stabbed his dagger into the chest of Rajpal. He fell to the ground and died instantly. The police arrested Ilm Deen and took him to Lahori Gate Police Station. Later Ilm Deen was shifted to Central Jail Mianwali. The murder caused considerable religious tension in Punjab and beyond.
Ghazi ilmuddin shaheed Trial and execution
The trial lawyer for Ilm Deen was Farrukh Hussain.
Two witnesses from the prosecution side claimed that he was guilty. Muhammad Ali Jinnah, then a prominent Indian lawyer.later the founder of Pakistan, was then sought out to appear in the appeal hearing at the Lahore High Court. Jinnah appealed on the grounds of extenuating circumstances, saying that Ilm Deen was only 19 or 20. He asked for the death sentence to be commuted to imprisonment for life. This contention was rejected by the court. Ilm Deen was convicted and given the death penalty according to the Indian Penal Code, and subsequently executed.
It is said that around 600,000 people attended his funeral. As Allama Iqbal placed the body of Ilm Deen into the grave, he tearfully declared: “We only kept talking، the carpenter’s son surpassed us”. Taking a critical view of this statement, the columnist Umer Ali writes:
This statement came from the national poet of Pakistan, the man said to have reconstructed the Islamic thought according to the modern needs. He implied that it was the responsibility of all the Muslims to kill Rajpal but it was Ilm-ud-din who fulfilled the duty. With such sentiments coming from one of the founders of Pakistan, the ideology seems instilled in the minds of this nation as Ilm-ud-din is remembered as ‘Ghazi’ and ‘Shaheed’, with a mausoleum created for him where people visit regularly to pay their respects.
“As Iqbal placed the body of Ilm Din into the grave, he tearfully declared: “This uneducated young man has surpassed us, the educated ones.”